Print ISSN: 1814-5892

Online ISSN: 2078-6069

Volume 12, Issue 2

Volume 12, Issue 2, Summer and Autumn 2016, Page 114-234

Monitoring and Control the Supply of Fuel in Baghdad using RFID

Mohannad M. Hasan; Fawzi M. Al-Naima

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 114-122
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118286

Nowadays, there are no accurate records of the various quantities of fuel being dispensed at the Iraqi fuel stations. All such reports are usually paper-based and are missing the required precision to control this valuable commodity, which could lead to misuse or illegal sale of fuel. This paper presents a control system based on RFID technology to monitor the supply and dispensing of vehicle fuel in Baghdad. The system consists of RFID readers attached to fuel dispensers and pumps, and RFID tags assigned to the vehicles and the trucks used for delivering fuel to the fuel stations. A hardware part is connected to conventional fuel dispensers and machines, located at both the stations and the fuel refineries or depots, which makes them work under the control of the RFID system, without the need to rebuild new dispensers. The designed system database is a centralized one located on a cloud server, in order to allow fuel stations to communicate with it and do the required transactions. Throughout this system, different reports can be generated, which can give important online statistics about the movement of fuel supplies over the city.

Design and Implementation of Neuro-Fuzzy Controller Using FPGA for Sun Tracking System

Ammar A. Aldair; Adel A. Obed; Ali F. Halihal

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 123-136
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118287

Nowadays, renewable energy is being used increasingly because of the global warming and destruction of the environment. Therefore, the studies are concentrating on gain of maximum power from this energy such as the solar energy. A sun tracker is device which rotates a photovoltaic (PV) panel to the sun to get the maximum power. Disturbances which are originated by passing the clouds are one of great challenges in design of the controller in addition to the losses power due to energy consumption in the motors and lifetime limitation of the sun tracker. In this paper, the neuro-fuzzy controller has been designed and implemented using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) board for dual axis sun tracker based on optical sensors to orient the PV panel by two linear actuators. The experimental results reveal that proposed controller is more robust than fuzzy logic controller and proportional-integral (PI) controller since it has been trained offline using Matlab tool box to overcome those disturbances. The proposed controller can track the sun trajectory effectively, where the experimental results reveal that dual axis sun tracker power can collect 50.6% more daily power than fixed angle panel. Whilst one axis sun tracker power can collect 39.4 % more daily power than fixed angle panel. Hence, dual axis sun tracker can collect 8 % more daily power than one axis sun tracker.

An Improved Technique Based on Firefly Algorithm to Estimate the Parameters of the Photovoltaic Model

Issa Ahmed Abed

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 137-145
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118288

This paper present a method to enhance the firefly algorithm by coupling with a local search. The constructed technique is applied to identify the solar parameters model where the method has been proved its ability to obtain the photovoltaic parameters model. Standard firefly algorithm (FA), electromagnetism-like (EM) algorithm, and electromagnetism-like without local (EMW) search algorithm all are compared with the suggested method to test its capability to solve this model.

Delay Time Reduction in VCSELs by Optimizing Laser Parameters

Hisham K. Hisham

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 146-154
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118289

An extensive analysis on reducing the turn-on time delay (ton) in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) has conducted successfully by considering all the recombination rate coefficients R(N) Besides the R(N) coefficients, the impact of other laser parameters such as, injection current (Iinj), laser cavity volume (V),mirror reflectivity (R), and operating temperature (T) also have investigated. Unlike pervious studies, the temperature dependence (TD) of ton is calculated according to TD of laser parameters instead of well-known Pankove relationship. Results showed that, ton can be reduced by increasing the Iinj and/or the Ni. Meanwhile, the ton increases by increasing the R(N) coefficients. Also, results showed that the ton can be reduced by increasing the R-level or by optimizing laser cavity volume.

A Pseudorandom Binary Generator Based on Chaotic Linear Feedback Shift Register

Saad Muhi Falih

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 155-160
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118290

This paper presents a simple method for the design of Chaotic Linear Feedback Shift Register (CLFSR) system. The proposed method is based on a combination of two known systems. The first is called Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR) system, and the other is called Chaotic Map system. The main principle of the proposed system is that, the output of the LFSR is modified by exclusive-or (XOR) it with the stream bit that is generated by using the chaotic map system to eliminate the linearity and the repeating in the output of the LFSR system. The proposed system is built under Matlab environment and the quality of sequence generation tested by using standard tests which shows that the proposed system is a good random number generator that overcome the linearity and repeating disadvantages.

Arabic Text Cryptanalysis Using Genetic Algorithm

Rokaia Shalal Habeeb

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 161-166
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118374

In this paper a Genetic Algorithm (GA) is proposed to attack an Arabic encrypted text by Vigenere cipher. The frequency of occurrence of Arabic letters has been calculated by using the text of the holy book of Quran, since it has rich language features compared to many other books. The algorithm is tested to find the key letters for different ciphertext sizes and key lengths. The results shows 100% correct letters retrieved from medium size ciphertext and short key length, while 90% of the ciphertext is retrieved from long ciphertext and medium key length, and 82% of the ciphertext is retrieved from long ciphertext and long key.

Novel Optimization Algorithm Inspired by Camel Traveling Behavior

Mohammed Khalid Ibrahim; Ramzy Salim Ali

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 167-177
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118375

This article presents a novel optimization algorithm inspired by camel traveling behavior that called Camel algorithm (CA). Camel is one of the extraordinary animals with many distinguish characters that allow it to withstand the severer desert environment. The Camel algorithm used to find the optimal solution for several different benchmark test functions. The results of CA and the results of GA and PSO algorithms are experimentally compared. The results indicate that the promising search ability of camel algorithm is useful, produce good results and outperform the others for different test functions.

Centralized approach for multi-node localization and identification

Ola A. Hasan

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 178-187
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118376

A new algorithm for the localization and identification of multi-node systems has been introduced in this paper; this algorithm is based on the idea of using a beacon provided with a distance sensor and IR sensor to calculate the location and to know the identity of each visible node during scanning. Furthermore, the beacon is fixed at middle of the frame bottom edge for a better vision of nodes. Any detected node will start to communicate with the neighboring nodes by using the IR sensors distributed on its perimeter; that information will be used later for the localization of invisible nodes. The performance of this algorithm is shown by the implementation of several simulations.

A New Hardware Architecture for Fuzzy Logic System Acceleration; Aumalhuda Gani Abood aumalhuda; comp; Dr. Mohammed A. Jodha; Dr. Majid A. Alwan

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 188-197
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118377

In this work, a new architecture is designed for fuzzy logic system. The proposed architecture is implemented on field programed gate array (FPGA). The hardware designed fuzzy systemimproves the excution speed with very high speed up factor using low cost availble kits such as FPGA. The implementation of the proposed architecture uses very low amount of logic elements and logic array blocks as proven when implementing the proposed architucture on FPGA

Sliding Mode Control-Based Chaos Stabilization in PM DC Motor Drive

Mohammed Abbas Abdullah

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 198-206
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118378

In this paper, a model of PM DC Motor Drive is presented. The nonlinear dynamics of PM DC Motor Drive is discussed. The drive system shows different dynamical behaviors; periodic, quasi-period, and chaotic and are characterized by bifurcation diagrams, time series evolution, and phase portrait. The stabilization of chaos to a fixed point is adopted using slide mode controller (SMC). The chaotic dynamics are suppressed and the fixed point dynamics are observed after the activation of proposed controller. Numerical simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed method of control for stabilization the chaos and different disturbances in the system.

Design Methodology for Reducing RIN Level in DFB Lasers

Hisham K. Hisham

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 207-213
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118379

The relative intensity noise (RIN) characteristics in distributed feedback (DFB) lasers are analyzed theoretically by proposing a new methodology. In addition to temperature variation (T), the effect of other model parameters such as injection current (Iinj), active layer volume (V), spontaneous emission (βsp) and gain compression (ε) factors on RIN characteristics is investigated. The numerical simulations shows, the peak RIN level can be reduced to around –150 dB/Hz, while relaxation oscillation frequency (ROF) is shifted towards 5.6 GHz. In addition, the RIN level is increased with temperature by the rate of 0.2 dB/ºC and ROF is reduced by the rate of 0.018 GHz/ºC. Results show, the low RIN level can be obtained by selecting model parameters reasonably

Identification and Control of Impressed Current Cathodic Protection System

Bassim N. Abdul Sada; Ramzy S. Ali; Khearia A. Mohammed Ali

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 214-220
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118380

In this paper the identification and control for the impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) system are present. Firstly, an identification model using an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) was implemented. The identification model consists of four inputs which are the aeration flow rates, the temperature, conductivity, and protection current, and one output that represented by the structure-to-electrolyte potential. The used data taken from an experimental CP system model, type impressed current submerged sample pipe carbon steel. Secondly, two control techniques are used. The first control technique use a conventional Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller, while the second is the fuzzy controller. The PID controller can be applied to control ICCP system and quite easy to implement. But, it required very fine tuning of its parameters based on the desired value. Furthermore, it needed time response more than fuzzy controller to track reference voltage. So the fuzzy controller has a faster and better response.

An algorithm for Path planning with polygon obstacles avoidance based on the virtual circle tangents

Zahraa Y. Ibrahim; Abdulmuttalib T. Rashid; Ali F. Marhoon

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 221-234
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2016.118381

In this paper, a new algorithm called the virtual circle tangents is introduced for mobile robot navigation in an environment with polygonal shape obstacles. The algorithm relies on representing the polygonal shape obstacles by virtual circles, and then all the possible trajectories from source to target is constructed by computing the visible tangents between the robot and the virtual circle obstacles. A new method for searching the shortest path from source to target is suggested. Two states of the simulation are suggested, the first one is the off-line state and the other is the on-line state. The introduced method is compared with two other algorithms to study its performance.