Print ISSN: 1814-5892

Online ISSN: 2078-6069

Volume 8, Issue 1

Volume 8, Issue 1, Summer and Autumn 2012, Page 1-72

Partial Encryption of Compressed Image Using Threshold Quantization and AES Cipher

Hameed A. Younis; Abdulkareem Y. Abdalla; Turki Y. Abdalla

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79714

Cryptography is one of the technological means to provide security to data being transmitted on information and communication systems. When it is necessary to securely transmit data in limited bandwidth, both compression and encryption must be performed. Researchers have combined compression and encryption together to reduce the overall processing time.In this paper, new partial encryption schemes are proposed to encrypt only part of the compressed image. Soft and hard threshold compression methods are used in the compression step and the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher is used for the encryption step. The effect of different threshold values on the performance of the proposed schemes are studied. The proposed partial encryption schemes are fast, secure, and do not reduce the compression performance of the underlying selected compression methods.

FPGA Based Modified Fuzzy PID Controller for Pitch Angle of Bench-top Helicopter

Ammar A. Aldair

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79715

Fuzzy PID controller design is still a complex task due to the involvement of a large number of parameters in defining the fuzzy rule base. To reduce the huge number of fuzzy rules required in the normal design for fuzzy PID controller, the fuzzy PID controller is represented as Proportional-Derivative Fuzzy (PDF) controller and Proportional-Integral Fuzzy (PIF) controller connected in parallel through a summer. The PIF controller design has been simplified by replacing the PIF controller by PDF controller with accumulating output. In this paper, the modified Fuzzy PID controller design for bench-top helicopter has been presented. The proposed Fuzzy PID controller has been described using Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language (VHDL) and implemented using the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) board. The bench-top helicopter has been used to test the proposed controller. The results have been compared with the conventional PID controller and Internal Model Control Tuned PID (IMC-PID) Controller. Simulation results show that the modified Fuzzy PID controller produces superior control performance than the other two controllers in handling the nonlinearity of the helicopter system. The output signal from the FPGA board is compared with the output of the modified Fuzzy PID controller to show that the FPGA board works like the Fuzzy PID controller. The result shows that the plant responses with the FPGA board are much similar to the plant responses when using simulation software based controller.

A Self Learning Fuzzy Logic Controller for Ship Steering System

Ammar A. Aldair

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 25-34
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79716

A self learning fuzzy logic controller for ship steering systems is proposed in this paper. Due to the high nonlinearity of ship steering system, the performances of traditional control algorithms are not satisfactory in fact. An intelligent control system is designed for controlling the direction heading of ships to improve the high efficiency of transportation, the convenience of manoeuvring ships, and the safety of navigation. The design of fuzzy controllers is usually performed in an ad hoc manner where it is hard to justify the choice of some fuzzy control parameters such as the parameters of membership function. In this paper, self tuning algorithm is used to adjust the parameters of fuzzy controller. Simulation results show that the efficiency of proposed algorithm to design a fuzzy controller for ship steering system.

Fuzzy-neural network compensator for Robot manipulator controlled by PD-like fuzzy system

Turki Y. Abdalla; Basil H. Jasim

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 35-44
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79717

In this paper, high tracking performance control structure for rigid robot manipulator is proposed. PD-like Sugano type fuzzy system is used as a main controller, while fuzzy-neural network (FNN) is used as a compensator for uncertainties by minimizing suitable function. The output of FNN is added to the reference trajectories to modify input error space, so that the system robust to any change in system parameters. The proposed structure is simulated and compared with computed torque controller. The simulation study has showed the validity of our structure, also showed its superiority to computed torque controller.

Region-Based Fractional Wavelet Transform Using Post Processing Artifact Reduction

Jassim M. Abdul-Jabbar; Alyaa Q. Ahmed Taqi

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 45-53
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79718

Wavelet-based algorithms are increasingly used in the source coding of remote sensing, satellite and other geospatial imagery. At the same time, wavelet-based coding applications are also increased in robust communication and network transmission of images. Although wireless multimedia sensors are widely used to deliver multimedia content due to the availability of inexpensive CMOS cameras, their computational and memory resources are still typically very limited. It is known that allowing a low-cost camera sensor node with limited RAM size to perform a multi-level wavelet transform, will in return limit the size of the acquired image. Recently, fractional wavelet filter technique became an interesting solution to reduce communication energy and wireless bandwidth, for resource-constrained devices (e.g. digital cameras). The reduction in the required memory in these fractional wavelet transforms is achieved at the expense of the image quality. In this paper, an adaptive fractional artifacts reduction approach is proposed for efficient filtering operations according to the desired compromise between the effectiveness of artifact reduction and algorithm simplicity using some local image features to reduce boundaries artifacts caused by fractional wavelet. Applying such technique on different types of images with different sizes using CDF 9/7 wavelet filters results in a good performance.

Securing Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Using Embedded Intrusion Detection Systems

Qutaiba I. Ali; Sahar Lazim; Enaam Fathi

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 54-64
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79719

This paper focuses on designing distributed wireless sensor network gateways armed with Intrusion Detection System (IDS). The main contribution of this work is the attempt to insert IDS functionality into the gateway node (UBICOM IP2022 network processor chip) itself. This was achieved by building a light weight signature based IDS based on the famous open source SNORT IDS. Regarding gateway nodes, as they have limited processing and energy constrains, the addition of further tasks (the IDS program) may affects seriously on its performance, so that, the current design takes these constrains into consideration as a priority and use a special protocol to achieve this goal. In order to optimize the performance of the gateway nodes, some of the preprocessing tasks were offloaded from the gateway nodes to a suggested classification and processing server and a new searching algorithm was suggested. Different measures were taken to validate the design procedure and a detailed simulation model was built to discover the behavior of the system in different environments.


Ayad Ibrahim Abdulsada

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 65-72
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2012.79720

In this paper, a robust wavelet based watermarking scheme has been proposed for digital audio. A single bit is embedded in the approximation part of each frame. The watermark bits are embedded in two subsets of indexes randomly generated by using two keys for security purpose. The embedding process is done in adaptively fashion according to the mean of each approximation part. The detection of watermark does not depend on the original audio. To measure the robustness of the algorithm, different signal processing operations have been applied on the watermarked audio. Several experimental results have been conducted to illustrate the robustness and efficiency of the proposed watermarked audio scheme.