Print ISSN: 1814-5892

Online ISSN: 2078-6069

Volume 5, Issue 1

Volume 5, Issue 1, Summer and Autumn 2009, Page 1-89

Power Transformer Protection by Using Fuzzy Logic

Ahmed Abdulkader Aziz; Abduladhem Abdulkareem Ali; Abbas H. Abbas

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54934

Power transformer protective relay should block the tripping during magnetizing inrush and rapidly
operate the tripping during internal faults. Recently, the frequency environment of power system has been
made more complicated and the quantity of 2nd frequency component in inrush state has been decreased
because of the improvement of core steel. And then, traditional approaches will likely be maloperated in
the case of magnetizing inrush with low second harmonic component and internal faults with high second
harmonic component. This paper proposes a new relaying algorithm to enhance the fault detection
sensitivities of conventional techniques by using a fuzzy logic approach. The proposed fuzzy-based
relaying algorithm consists of flux-differential current derivative curve, harmonic restraint, and
percentage differential characteristic curve. The proposed relaying was tested with MATLAB simulation
software and showed a fast and accurate trip operation.

A Simplified Practical Procedure for Evaluation of System Performance for A Line of Sight Relay

Jassim M. Abdul-Jabbar

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 12-27
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54936

The aim of this paper is to design and evaluate hop calculations and
system performance for line of sight (LOS) radio relay links utilizing a simplified
proposed procedure. Such a procedure is simulated for the determination of both
hop calculations and system performance.
The practical procedure of this paper has been ordered in a manner to
solve up to 95% of the hop design problems encountered in practice. Two
examples with different specifications and different required outage time are
examined to fulfill the Committee Consultative International Radio (CCIR)
Key words: hop

Color Image Hiding In Cover Speech Signal By Using Multi-resolution Discrete Wavelet Transform

Samir J.AL- Muraab; Haider I. AL; Mayaly

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 28-37
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54938

Data hiding, a form of steganography, embeds data into digital media for the
purpose of identification, annotation, security, and copyright. The goal of
steganography is to avoid drawing suspicion to the transmission of a hidden
message. Digital audio provides a suitable cover for high-throughput
steganography. At 16 bits per sample and sampled at a rate of 44100 Hz,
digital audio has the bit-rate to support large color image messages. In
addition, audio is often transient and unpredictable, facilitating the hiding of
messages. In this paper a high robustness system against the attackers in
hiding of color images is presented. We used the multi-resolution discrete
wavelet transform in hiding process. The JPEG format type for color images
and WAV format for speech cover signal that used in test of system
.Programs and graphics are executed by using MATLAB version 6.5

Dynamic Model of Linear Induction Motor Considering the End Effects

Haroutuon A. Hairik; Mohammed H. Hassan

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 38-50
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54939

In this paper the dynamic behavior of linear induction motor is described by a mathematical
model taking into account the end effects and the core losses. The need for such a model rises due
to the complexity of linear induction motors electromagnetic field theory. The end affects by
introducing speed dependent scale factor to the magnetizing inductance and series resistance in
the d-axis equivalent circuit. Simulation results are presented to show the validity of the model
during both no-load and sudden load change intervals. This model can also be used directly in
simulation researches for linear induction motor vector control drive systems

Gray Scale Image Hiding Using Wavelet Packet Transform

Abbas A. Jasim

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 51-59
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54940

This work implying the design of hiding system that hides a gray scale image into another
gray scale image using two-dimensional wavelet packet transform.
The proposed hiding scheme uses Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) to embed data
elements of the secret image in different frequency bands of the cover image. The data
elements of the secrete image are placed within DWT subspaces after simple treatment in
order to reduce its significance on the resulting image and to increase security. The resulting
image (the cover image within which the secret image is hidden) is called stego_image.
Stego_image is closely related to the cover image and does not show any details of the secret
The proposed system achieves perfect reconstruction of the secret image. All programs in
this work is written by MATLAB 7

Online Genetic-Fuzzy Forward Controller for a Robot Arm

Abduladeem A. Ali; Amal J. Kudaer

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 60-73
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54941

The robot is a repeated task plant. The control of such a plant under parameter
variations and load disturbances is one of the important problems. The aim of this work is to
design Genetic-Fuzzy controller suitable for online applications to control single link rigid robot
arm plant. The genetic-fuzzy online controller (forward controller) contains two parts, an
identifier part and model reference controller part. The identification is based on forward
identification technique. The proposed controller it tested in normal and load disturbance

Vector Quantization Techniques For Partial Encryption of Wavelet-based Compressed Digital Images

Hameed A. Younis; Turki Y. Abdalla; Abdulkareem Y. Abdalla

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 74-89
DOI: 10.33762/eeej.2009.54943

The use of image communication has increased in recent years. In this paper, new
partial encryption schemes are used to encrypt only part of the compressed data. Only
6.25-25% of the original data is encrypted for four different images, resulting in a
significant reduction in encryption and decryption time. In the compression step, an
advanced clustering analysis technique (Fuzzy C-means (FCM)) is used. In the encryption
step, the permutation cipher is used. The effect of number of different clusters is studied.
The proposed partial encryption schemes are fast and secure, and do not reduce the
compression performance of the underlying selected compression methods as shown in
experimental results and conclusion